wok annotate linld/stuff/src/LOAD.CPP @ rev 21623

linld: more ram for zImage (again)
author Pascal Bellard <pascal.bellard@slitaz.org>
date Sun May 26 12:07:54 2019 +0200 (12 months ago)
parents 042675028c83
children 0e811092e7bb
rev   line source
pascal@19515 1 // This file is distributed under GPL
pascal@19515 2
pascal@19515 3 #include "crtl.h"
pascal@19515 4 #include "common.h"
pascal@19515 5
pascal@19515 6 /***************
pascal@19515 7 Memory layout assumed by kernel boot process
pascal@19515 8 --------------------------------------------
pascal@19515 9 Note: claims that kernel setup is relocatable are
pascal@19515 10 still not 100% valid:
pascal@19515 11 bzImage decompressing trashes 10000-8ffff range,
pascal@19515 12 so rm loader -> pm kernel info is lost if it was here...
pascal@19515 13 So I had to stick to 90000.
pascal@19515 14
pascal@19515 15 10000000+------------------------+ <- 256m
pascal@19515 16 | initrd | initrd is at top of mem, but
pascal@19515 17 | | not higher than 256m
pascal@19515 18 +------------------------+
pascal@19515 19 +------------------------+
pascal@19515 20 | bzImage | bzImage is at 1m
pascal@19515 21 | | VCPI/XMS/64k offset tricks used...
pascal@19515 22 00100000+------------------------+ <- 1m
pascal@19515 23 | video, BIOS etc | Do not use.
pascal@19515 24 000A0000+------------------------+
pascal@19515 25 | Reserved for BIOS | Do not use. Reserved for BIOS EBDA.
pascal@19515 26 0009A000+------------------------+ <- stack top for kernel rm code
pascal@19515 27 | Cmdline |
pascal@19515 28 00098000+------------------------+ <- heap top for kernel rm code
pascal@19515 29 | Kernel setup | The kernel real-mode code.
pascal@19515 30 00090200+------------------------+
pascal@19515 31 | Kernel boot sector | The kernel legacy boot sector.
pascal@19515 32 00090000+------------------------+
pascal@19515 33 | Zapped by ungzip | Historically zImages were loaded here
pascal@19515 34 | (zImage once was here) | bzImages use this space for ungzipping
pascal@19515 35 00010000+------------------------+
pascal@19515 36 | Boot loader | <- Boot sector entry point 0000:7C00
pascal@19515 37 00001000+------------------------+
pascal@19515 38 | Reserved for MBR/BIOS |
pascal@19515 39 00000800+------------------------+
pascal@19515 40 | Typically used by MBR |
pascal@19515 41 00000600+------------------------+
pascal@19515 42 | BIOS use only |
pascal@19515 43 00000000+------------------------+
pascal@19515 44 */
pascal@19515 45
pascal@19538 46 struct kernelparams_t {
pascal@20458 47 s8 setup_sects; // 01F1 The size of the setup in sectors
pascal@19515 48 // boot sector is NOT included here
pascal@19515 49 u16 ro_flag; // 01F2 If set, the root is mounted readonly
pascal@19515 50 u16 syssize; // 01F4 DO NOT USE - for bootsect.S use only:
pascal@19515 51 // size of pm part of kernel
pascal@19515 52 // (in 16 byte units, rounded up)
pascal@19515 53 u16 swap_dev; // 01F6 DO NOT USE - obsolete
pascal@19515 54 u16 ram_size; // 01F8 DO NOT USE - for bootsect.S use only:
pascal@19515 55 // if nonzero then kernel
pascal@19515 56 // (driver/block/ramdisk.c: rd_load())
pascal@19515 57 // will try to load the contents for the ramdisk
pascal@19515 58 // from the "root_dev" which MUST then have the
pascal@19515 59 // floppyMAJOR
pascal@19515 60 // The file-system on that floppy must be MINIX
pascal@19515 61 // If rd_load() succeeds it sets the root_dev
pascal@19515 62 // to the ramdisk for mounting it
pascal@19515 63 u16 vid_mode; // 01FA Video mode control
pascal@19515 64 u16 root_dev; // 01FC Default root device number
pascal@19515 65 u16 boot_flag; // 01FE 0xAA55 magic number
pascal@19515 66 u16 jump; // 0200 Jump instruction
pascal@19515 67 u32 header; // 0202 Magic signature "HdrS"
pascal@19515 68 u16 version; // 0206 Boot protocol version supported
pascal@19515 69 u16 realmode_switch_ofs; // 0208 Hook called just before rm->pm
pascal@19515 70 u16 realmode_switch_seg;
pascal@19515 71 u16 start_sys_seg; // 020E
pascal@19515 72 u16 kernel_version; // 020C Points to kernel version string
pascal@19515 73 u8 type_of_loader; // 0210 Boot loader identifier
pascal@19515 74 u8 loadflags; // 0211 Boot protocol option flags
pascal@19515 75 u16 setup_move_size;// 0212 Move to high memory size (used with hooks)
pascal@19515 76 u32 code32_start; // 0214 Boot loader hook (see below)
pascal@19515 77 u32 initrd_buf; // 0218 initrd load address (set by boot loader)
pascal@19515 78 u32 initrd_size; // 021C initrd size (set by boot loader)
pascal@19515 79 u32 bootsect_kludge;// 0220 DO NOT USE - for bootsect.S use only
pascal@19515 80 u16 heap_end_ptr; // 0224 Free memory after setup end
pascal@19515 81 u16 pad1; // 0226 Unused
pascal@19515 82 u32 cmd_line_ptr; // 0228 32-bit pointer to the kernel command line
pascal@19515 83 u8 pad30[0x400-0x22c]; // 022C
pascal@19515 84 // 02D0 up to 32 20-byte mem info structs from
pascal@19515 85 // int 0x15 fn 0xe820
pascal@19515 86 }; //__attribute((packed));
pascal@19515 87
pascal@19538 88 struct first1k_t {
pascal@19538 89 // these two set by rm setup:
pascal@19538 90 u16 curr_curs; // 0000 saved cursor position
pascal@19538 91 u16 ext_mem_size; // 0002 extended memory size in Kb (from int 0x15 fn 0x88)
pascal@19538 92 u8 pad00[0x20-4];
pascal@19538 93 // old-style cmdline (not used in LINLD (yet?))
pascal@19636 94 u32 cl_magic_ofs;
pascal@19636 95 //u16 cl_magic; // 0020 commandline magic number (=0xA33F)
pascal@19636 96 //u16 cl_ofs; // 0022 commandline offset
pascal@19538 97 u8 pad10[0x80-0x24];
pascal@19538 98 // these two set by rm setup:
pascal@19538 99 u8 hd0_disk_par[16]; // 0080 hd0-disk-parameter from intvector 0x41
pascal@19538 100 u8 hd1_disk_par[16]; // 0090 hd1-disk-parameter from intvector 0x46
pascal@19538 101 u8 pad20[0x01e0-0xa0];
pascal@19538 102 // this is set by rm setup:
pascal@19538 103 u32 alt_mem_size; // 01E0 extended memory size in Kb (from int 0x15 fn 0xe801)
pascal@19571 104 u8 pad28[0x01f1-0x1e4];
pascal@19538 105 struct kernelparams_t params;
pascal@19538 106 }; //__attribute((packed));
pascal@19538 107
pascal@19515 108 #if sizeof(first1k_t)!=0x400
pascal@19515 109 #error BUG: Bad first1k
pascal@19515 110 #endif
pascal@19515 111
pascal@19515 112 const u32 HdrS = 'H' + ('d'<<8) + (u32('r')<<16) + (u32('S')<<24);
pascal@19515 113
pascal@19515 114 // register value to launch the kernel real mode code
pascal@20751 115 static u32 csip;
pascal@19515 116 #ifdef NO386
pascal@19515 117 extern "C" u16 topseg();
pascal@19515 118 #else
pascal@19515 119 #define topseg() 0x9000
pascal@19515 120 #endif
pascal@20745 121 u16 rm_size;
pascal@20745 122 static u8 pm_high; // @ = @rm_size + 2, see JUMP.ASM
pascal@20745 123 static u8* rm_buf; // @ = @rm_size + 3, see JUMP.ASM
pascal@20745 124 struct image_himem imgs[2];
pascal@20745 125
pascal@19515 126 static const char kernel_file_error[] = "Can't use kernel file";
pascal@19515 127 char* load_kernel() {
pascal@19515 128
pascal@19636 129 struct image_himem *m = &pm;
pascal@20634 130 #define _rm_buf(m) (((u8**)(m))[-1])
pascal@20634 131 #define _pm_high (((u8*)(m))[-3])
pascal@20634 132 #define _rm_size (*(u16*)((u8*)(m)-5))
pascal@20745 133 #define _csip (*(u32*)((u8*)(m)-9))
pascal@19515 134 char *version_string;
pascal@19515 135 {
pascal@19538 136 struct kernelparams_t *kernelparams;
pascal@20632 137 kernelparams = &(((first1k_t*) (_rm_buf(m) = (u8 *)malloc_or_die(_32k)))->params);
pascal@19636 138 #define first1k ((first1k_t*)((u8 *)kernelparams-0x1F1))
pascal@19515 139
pascal@20751 140 *((u16 *)&_csip+1)=topseg()|0x20;
pascal@20751 141 // Open kernel, read first kb, check it
pascal@20751 142 m->errmsg = kernel_file_error;
pascal@20751 143 open_image(kernel_name, m);
pascal@20751 144
pascal@20510 145 do {
pascal@19515 146 // Do not use malloc below until heap_top adjustment (see <*>)
pascal@20751 147 if (readrm(m, 0x200) == 0x200) {
pascal@19515 148
pascal@20542 149 lseekcur(m->fd,-0x200);
pascal@19571 150 if(kernelparams->setup_sects == 0) {
pascal@19515 151 #if 1
pascal@19515 152 if(* (int *) &first1k->pad10[0x3F-0x24] == 0x3AE8) {
pascal@20632 153 _csip+=0xFFE00042;
pascal@19515 154 }
pascal@21623 155 //else
pascal@19515 156 #endif
pascal@19538 157 kernelparams->setup_sects=4;
pascal@19515 158 }
pascal@19636 159 if((kernelparams->setup_sects)>=(_32k/512) || // 0th sector not counted
pascal@19636 160 kernelparams->boot_flag != 0xAA55)
pascal@20454 161 die("Not a kernel");
pascal@20632 162 heap_top = _rm_buf(m)+(_rm_size=0x200*(kernelparams->setup_sects+1)); // <*>
pascal@20632 163 m->size -= _rm_size;
pascal@20632 164 m->chunk_size -= _rm_size;
pascal@19515 165
pascal@19515 166 // Read remaining rm loader
pascal@20751 167 if (readrm(m, _rm_size) == _rm_size) break;
pascal@20510 168 }
pascal@20510 169 die(kernel_file_error);
pascal@20510 170 } while (0);
pascal@19515 171
pascal@19515 172 // Tell rm loader some info
pascal@19515 173
pascal@20528 174 if((int)vid_mode) kernelparams->vid_mode = vid_mode;
pascal@20528 175 if((int)root_dev) kernelparams->root_dev = root_dev;
pascal@20485 176 version_string = "";
pascal@19515 177
pascal@19538 178 if(kernelparams->header == HdrS) { // starting linux 1.3.73
pascal@19538 179 if(kernelparams->loadflags & 1) {
pascal@21332 180 extern void far last_ditch();
pascal@21332 181 kernelparams->realmode_switch_ofs = (u16) last_ditch;
pascal@21332 182 kernelparams->realmode_switch_seg = _CS;
pascal@19515 183 pm_high++;
pascal@19515 184
pascal@19515 185 // Hook on int15 to work around fn 88 DOS breakage
pascal@19515 186 hook_int15_88();
pascal@19515 187 }
pascal@21623 188 if (kernelparams->kernel_version)
pascal@21623 189 version_string = (char *) first1k+kernelparams->kernel_version+0x200;
pascal@19538 190 kernelparams->type_of_loader = 0xff; // kernel do not know us (yet :-)
pascal@19538 191 if(kernelparams->version >= 0x201) {
pascal@19515 192 // * offset limit of the setup heap
pascal@19515 193 // heap_end_ptr appears to be relative to the start of setup (ofs 0x0200)
pascal@19538 194 kernelparams->heap_end_ptr = _32k-0x0200;
pascal@19538 195 kernelparams->loadflags |= 0x80; // says to rm loader it's ok to use heap
pascal@19515 196 }
pascal@19515 197 // * if we will ever stop moving ourself to 0x90000
pascal@19515 198 // we must say setup.S how much to move
pascal@19538 199 //kernelparams->setup_move_size = _32k;
pascal@19538 200 if(kernelparams->version >= 0x202) { // starting linux 2.4.0-test3-pre3
pascal@19538 201 kernelparams->cmd_line_ptr = (((u32)(topseg()+0x0800))<<4);
pascal@19515 202 goto cmd_line_ok;
pascal@19515 203 }
pascal@19515 204 }
pascal@19636 205 first1k->cl_magic_ofs = 0x8000A33F;
pascal@19515 206 }
pascal@19515 207
pascal@19515 208 cmd_line_ok:
pascal@19515 209 // Check and enable A20 if needed
pascal@19515 210 enable_a20_or_die();
pascal@19515 211
pascal@19515 212 // Read remaining kernel (pm part)
pascal@19515 213 // Try to load kernel high, maybe even blindly storing it
pascal@19515 214 // in unallocated memory as a last resort
pascal@19515 215
pascal@19571 216 {
pascal@19571 217 struct image_himem *m = &pm;
pascal@21621 218 if((u16)(((m->fallback=(u32(u16(_CS)+0x1001)<<4))+m->size)>>4) >=
pascal@20632 219 topseg() || _pm_high) {
pascal@20634 220 m->fallback = base_himem;
pascal@19515 221 }
pascal@19515 222
pascal@19571 223 load_image(m);
pascal@19571 224 }
pascal@19515 225 return version_string;
pascal@19515 226 }
pascal@19515 227
pascal@20634 228 struct initrdparams_t {
pascal@20634 229 u32 header; // 0202 Magic signature "HdrS"
pascal@20634 230 u16 version; // 0206 Boot protocol version supported
pascal@20634 231 u16 realmode_switch_ofs; // 0208 Hook called just before rm->pm
pascal@20634 232 u16 realmode_switch_seg;
pascal@21576 233 u16 start_sys_seg; // 020C
pascal@21576 234 u16 kernel_version; // 020E Points to kernel version string
pascal@20634 235 u8 type_of_loader; // 0210 Boot loader identifier
pascal@20634 236 u8 loadflags; // 0211 Boot protocol option flags
pascal@20634 237 u16 setup_move_size;// 0212 Move to high memory size (used with hooks)
pascal@20634 238 u32 code32_start; // 0214 Boot loader hook (see below)
pascal@20634 239 u32 initrd_buf; // 0218 initrd load address (set by boot loader)
pascal@20634 240 u32 initrd_size; // 021C initrd size (set by boot loader)
pascal@20634 241 };
pascal@20634 242
pascal@19515 243 // Read initrd if needed
pascal@19515 244 void load_initrd() {
pascal@19515 245 struct image_himem *m = &initrd;
pascal@21623 246 if (((int)initrd_name | m->fd) == 0) return; // !initrd_name && !m->fd
pascal@20538 247 #if defined(__BORLANDC__) && defined(NO386)
pascal@20538 248 #pragma option -3
pascal@20538 249 asm{
pascal@20538 250 .386p
pascal@20538 251 }
pascal@20538 252 #endif
pascal@19636 253 m->errmsg = "Can't use initrd file";
pascal@19636 254
pascal@19636 255 open_image(initrd_name, m);
pascal@19636 256
pascal@20542 257 if ((m->fallback=(memtop()-m->size)&(~PAGE_MASK))-m[-1].fallback < m[-1].size) {
pascal@19636 258 close(m->fd);
pascal@19538 259 puts(m->errmsg);
pascal@19515 260 return;
pascal@19515 261 }
pascal@19515 262
pascal@19515 263 load_image(m);
pascal@20634 264
pascal@20634 265 struct initrdparams_t *initrdparams = ((struct initrdparams_t *)&(((first1k_t*) _rm_buf(m-1))->params.header));
pascal@20634 266 if(initrdparams->header == HdrS) {
pascal@20634 267 initrdparams->initrd_buf = m->fallback;
pascal@20634 268 initrdparams->initrd_size = m->size;
pascal@19515 269 }
pascal@19515 270 }